Neill-Fraser v Tasmania [2012] TASCCA 2 (6 March 2012)

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/tas/TASCCA/2012/2.html

Criminal Law – Evidence – Matters relating to proof – Standard of proof – Circumstantial evidence – Motive – Whether facts establishing a motive are indispensable to the drawing of an inference of guilt – Whether those facts must be proved beyond reasonable doubt – Direction to jury.
Shepherd v R [1990] HCA 56; (1990) 170 CLR 573, applied.
Penney v R [1998] HCA 51; (1998) 72 ALJR 1316, not followed.
R v Pantoja [1998] NSWSC 565, R v Plevac [1999] NSWCCA 351, R v Fowler [2003] NSWCCA 321; (2003) 151 A Crim R 166, R v Kotzmann [1999] VSCA 27; [1999] 2 VR 123, R v Koeleman [2000] VSCA 141; [2000] 2 VR 20, R v Nguyen [2001] VSCA 1; (2001) 118 A Crim R 479, R v Cummins [2004] VSCA 164; (2004) 10 VR 15, approved.
Aust Dig Criminal Law [2709]

Criminal Law – Evidence – Matters relating to proof – Standard of proof – Circumstantial evidence – Reasonable hypothesis consistent with innocence – Directions to jury – Adequacy – Whether a need for a direction that intermediate facts must be proved beyond reasonable doubt.
Shepherd v R [1990] HCA 56; (1990) 170 CLR 573, followed.
Re Belhaven and Stenton Peerage (1875) 1 App Cas 278, Liberato v R [1985] HCA 66; (1985) 159 CLR 507, referred to.
Chamberlain v R (No 2) [1984] HCA 7; (1984) 153 CLR 521, HML v R [2008] HCA 16; (2008) 245 ALR 204, distinguished.
Aust Dig Criminal Law [2711]

Criminal Law – Evidence – Corroboration – What constitutes corroboration – Admissions and conduct of accused – Lies, denials etc – Post-offence conduct – Allegations of laying of a false trial – Whether relied on by Crown as probative of guilt or going to credit – Direction to jury.
Edwards v R [1993] HCA 63; (1993) 178 CLR 193, Zoneff v R (2000) 299 CLR 234, Nguyen [2001] VSCA 1; (2001) 118 A Crim R 479, R v Chang [2003] VSCA 149; (2003) 7 VR 236, R v Cook [2004] NSWCCA 52, R v SBB (2007) 175 A Crim R 573, R v MC [2009] VSCA 122, approved.
Aust Dig Criminal Law [2910]

Criminal Law – Sentence – Relevant factors – Response to charges – Co-operation with police or assistance to authorities – Generally – Post-offence conduct – Inconvenience and expense of investigation caused by accused’s actions – Whether an aggravating factor.
R v Cavkic (No 2) [2009] VSCA 43, R v Wilkinson (No 5) [2009] NSWSC 432, applied.
Fox v Fletcher unreported 17/1970, referred to.
Aust Dig Criminal Law [3274]