CO-OWNERSHIP – Appeal – Joint tenancy at law – Whether tenancy in common in equity – Four unities of possession, interest, time and title – Right of survivorship – Equity is equality – Equity’s dislike of joint tenancies – Intention of parties when property was acquired – Whether consideration given for half share – Whether joint tenancy severed at inception by agreement to distribute proceeds if property sold – Whether joint tenancy severed at time of sale of property by agreement to divide proceeds – Whether joint tenancy severed by conduct – Death of joint tenant before completion of sale of the subject land – Whether nett proceeds of sale of the subject land lay with executor of estate or with liquidator of corporate joint tenant – Attack on credit of witnesses – Whether judge should have found facts based upon testimony of witnesses – Duty of Court of Appeal when challenge made to findings based on credit – Weighing of findings of credit with findings on all relevant probabilities – Appeal dismissed.
PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – Application to lead fresh evidence – Failure of appellant to serve subpoena on bank at trial – Whether there was a ‘high probability’ the fresh evidence would have produced the opposite result at trial – Application refused.
PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – COSTS – Non-party costs order – Costs order made against liquidator personally – Application for leave to appeal costs order against non-party – House v The King  HCA 40; (1936) 55 CLR 499 – No error of principle – Application refused.
PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – COSTS – Application for leave to appeal costs order – Offer of compromise made by respondent before appeal – Consequences of rejection – Whether respondent entitled to costs on an indemnity basis – Whether judge had reasonable regard to Calderbank offer – Whether judge erred in his analysis of Hazeldene’s Chicken Farm Pty Ltd v Victorian Workcover Authority (No. 2)  VSCA 298; (2005) 13 VR 435 – Application dismissed.