EVIDENCE – admissibility – whether a matter of discretion – question whether appellant had mental capacity to participate in hearing before independent merits reviewer in relation to his claim for a protection visa – appellant relied on report of expert as to his mental condition – federal magistrate held report inadmissible – relied on weight and on conflicting evidence – no exercise of power to exclude admissible evidence because probative value outweighed by other factors – whether error by federal magistrate
HIGH COURT AND FEDERAL COURT – appeal – orders – consent orders – whether Court should make consent orders – consent orders based on incorrect assumption about basis of judgment the subject of appeal – appeal raised questions capable of being determined conclusively by appeal court
WORKERS COMPENSATION – Workers Compensation Commission – Arbitrator’s decision – appeal to Presidential Member – error of law – whether no evidence to support finding that respondent injured while working for appellant – whether arbitrator answered wrong question in situation where possibility injury occurred at two workplaces
WORKERS COMPENSATION – procedure – s 354 Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998 – procedures before Commission not governed by rules of evidence – arbitrator required to draw conclusions from material that is satisfactory in probative sense – where respondent’s credit impugned – whether arbitrator entitled to rely on expert reports where medical history respondent gave experts differed from evidence accepted by arbitrator
WORKERS COMPENSATION – procedure – procedures before Commission not governed by rules of evidence – Workers Compensation Commission Rules -evidence required to be logical and probative, relevant to facts in issue and issues in dispute, not based on speculation or unsubstantiated assumptions, not in form of unqualified opinions – not a reintroduction of rules of evidence
STATUTORY INTERPRETATION – s 354 Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998 – procedures before Commission not governed by rules of evidence – Workers Compensation Commission Rules – evidence required to be logical and probative, relevant to facts in issue and issues in dispute, not based on speculation or unsubstantiated assumptions, not in form of unqualified opinions – rules not to be construed in manner inconsistent with statute
PATENTS – construction – meaning of “rigidification”
PATENTS – novelty – whether prior publications and prior uses disclose all integers of claim in combination – where there were no “signposts” sufficient to disclose an integer – whether the prior art taught away from the invention – relevance and meaning of “teach” to novelty – insufficient disclosure to constitute an anticipation of the process of the claim
PATENTS – innovative step – variations between claimed invention and prior art documents and acts – substantial contribution to working of invention
PATENTS – sufficiency of description – whether skilled addressee would have to do more than ‘routine trial and error’ to understand and implement the process of the claim – where dosage tests necessary to optimise claimed process – specification not insufficient because tests characterised as routine
APPEAL AND NEW TRIAL – in general and right of appeal – leave to appeal out of time – principles on which leave should be granted – explanation for delay – whether miscarriage of justice – leave refused.
APPEAL AND NEW TRIAL – practice and procedure – when time for appeal begins to run in criminal matters – Court Procedures Rules 2006 (ACT) Div 5.4.7 – meaning of conviction.
APPEAL AND NEW TRIAL – practice and procedure – cross appeal – whether conviction appeal can be cross-appeal against sentence appeal – need for fresh appeal.
CRIMINAL LAW – knowingly concerned in cultivation of large commercial quantity of cannabis plants – discharge of jury – possibly prejudicial evidence effectively withdrawn by trial judge from jury’s consideration – sentencing – aggravating factors in s 21A(2)(e), s 21A(2)(i) and s 21A(2)(n) of Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act – wrongly found by sentencing judge – these factors inherent in offence – applicants re-sentenced
Evidence Act – ss 37, 37(1)(c), Part 3.3
APPEAL – failure to challenge admissibility of evidence in Magistrates Court – wish to save time in Magistrates Court not an excuse sufficient to justify raising admissibility on appeal.
EVIDENCE – whether identification evidence was evidence of opinion or evidence of fact – identification of witness’s own remembered observation with later observation not opinion evidence.
EVIDENCE – whether failure to hold identification parades deprived defendant of chance of acquittal – considerations in whether to hold identification parade – nature and circumstances of witnesses’ observations – scope for accused person changing appearance in relevant respects – no obligation to hold identification parade if any result would be unreliable.
EVIDENCE – whether treatment of identification evidence resulted in unsafe and unsatisfactory verdict – whether evidence should have been excluded as unfairly prejudicial – whether Magistrate was sufficiently aware of potential unreliability of identification evidence – prosecution required to establish defendant’s guilt beyond reasonable doubt, not required to disprove defendant’s evidence beyond reasonable doubt.
Evidence Act 1995 (Cth), ss 114,114(2)(b),114(3),137
Evidence Act 1995 (NSW), Pt 3.3, s 76
 NSWCCA 356
appeal against conviction
malicious wounding in company
whether evidence concerning film footage admissible
evidence on voir dire subsequently admitted
witness saw appellant from front view after incident ended but was unable to identify him from front view footage
witness did not see appellant from rear view but purported to identify him from that footage
whether evidence relevant
evidence of fact
evidence of opinion
witness identified clothing worn by appellant minutes before attack
witness identification by process of deduction and reference to his clothing
interpretation of video evidence
ad hoc expert
Evidence Act 1995, Part 3.3, s56, s76, s78, s79, s137